Amazon-Backed Electric Vehicle Maker Rivian Files for IPO

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Electric vehicle maker Rivian said it has confidentially filed paperwork with regulators for an initial public offering, setting the stage for a blockbuster year-end market debut as it looks to tap into a red-hot IPO market in the US.

Rivian, which counts Amazon.com, Soros Fund Management and BlackRock among its major investors, will seek a valuation of around $70-80 billion (roughly Rs. 5,14,477 crores to Rs. 5,87,974 crores) at the time of its initial public offering, two sources familiar with the matter told Reuters on Friday.

At that valuation, Rivian would have a bigger market capitalisation than General Motors, the largest US automaker. But it would still be dwarfed by Tesla which boasts of a market cap of nearly $700 billion (roughly Rs. 51,44,776 crores ) and is currently planning to build a pickup truck that would compete with Rivian's own version.

Rivian's stock market flotation is expected to lead the year-end line-up for the US. IPOs, which have so far raised a record haul of over $225 billion (roughly Rs. 16,53,678 crores) this year, according to data from Dealogic.

A number of high-profile names, including Chinese ride-hailing giant Didi Global, South Korean e-commerce giant Coupang and cryptocurrency exchange Coinbase Global, have already taken advantage of record-breaking capital markets activity this year and floated their shares on US stock exchanges.

Several other big names are expected to go public in the last quarter of the year, including the likes of chipmaker GlobalFoundries, restaurant software provider Toast and private equity giant TPG, among others.

Rivian did not provide any other details on its IPO plans on Friday. It is expected to lift the veil off its finances for the first time in a public filing in the coming weeks.

The company is one of the most well-funded startups in the United States. It raised $10.5 billion (roughly Rs. 77,171 crores ) since the start of 2019, including $2.5 billion (roughly Rs. 18,374 crores) in July in a round led by Amazon and Ford Motor.

RACE FOR SUPREMACY

Founded in 2009 as Mainstream Motors in 2009 by RJ Scaringe, the company changed its name to Rivian in 2011. “Rivian” is derived from "Indian River" in Florida, a place Scaringe frequented in a rowboat as a youth.

Rivian is looking to start production of an electric pick-up and an SUV this year.

Rivian's filing comes as automakers are racing to develop electric vehicles (EVs) as China, Europe and other countries and regions mandate lower carbon emissions.

In the United States, traditional carmakers such as GM and Ford are retrofitting plants for EV production, while Tesla, Taiwanese contract manufacturer Foxconn and several startups are expanding existing plants or are building them.

Earlier this month, Reuters reported that Rivian was in discussions to invest at least $5 billion (roughly Rs. 36,748 crores) in a new vehicle plant near Fort Worth, Texas.

Rivian is currently pursuing a two-track strategy: building electric delivery vans for Amazon, while developing an electric pickup and SUV brand aimed at affluent individuals.

Amazon has ordered 100,000 of Rivian's electric delivery vans as part of the e-commerce giant's broader effort to cut its carbon footprint.

This year, however, has not been without challenges for Rivian, as CEO Scaringe in July told customers the pandemic had delayed the launch of its vehicles.

Apart from Rivian, a slew of fast-growing EV startups have taken advantage of the capital markets boom in the past 12 months, especially with the rise of special purpose acquisition companies (SPACs).

The likes of Lucid Motors, Nikola, Fisker, and Lordstown Motors have all chosen to merge with blank check firms to go public.

© Thomson Reuters 2021


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